But we, who always stand in the sight of God and of angels, and whom Christ, the true sun of righteousness, invites to his presence, we indeed ought to be much more careful to beware of every kind of pollution. Taking just views of the shortness and the value of time; of the design for which it was given, and of the fact that it is, in regard to us, rapidly coming to a close. Daily we are approaching the kingdom of light; and in prospect of that state, we ought to lay aside every sin, and live more and more in preparation for a world of light and glory.". Commentary on Romans 13:11-14 (Read Romans 13:11-14) Four things are here taught, as a Christian's directory for his day's work. Moreover, etc. Paul established churches in many cities. Romans 13 is a very hard passage to wrap one's brain around. Romans 13:11-14. We Christians are free from the law. The first is what is here described, but the latter is what the passage refers to. Salvation here, as in Romans 8:24, and in 1 Peter 1:9, means salvation made complete and perfect, the full employment of all its blessings. Sin came into the world through one man (Adam) and spread to many, so also the gift of grace came through one man (Jesus) and abounds unto many. Paul uses the term in the broadest possible sense to speak of all kinds of taxes. Our salvation.—That blissful participation in His kingdom which the Messiah at His Second Coming should inaugurate for His people. This is favored by the order of the Greek words. [411] The case is the same with the two preceding instances; the vice which seems to follow is placed first. VERSE-BY-VERSE COMMENTARY with Dr. Grant C. Richison exposes the mind of God to the mind of man by expounding individual books of God’s Word verse-by-verse.. Each study expounds a passage, forms a principle out of that passage, and shows how to apply that principle to your life. But now the morning light of the gospel dawns. At that time it was to be expected that they would sleep the sleep of spiritual death. Sed induamini Dominum Iesum Christum, et carnis curam ne agatis ad concupiscentias. The same idea is beautifully presented in 1 Thessalonians 5:5-8. To put on Christ, then, is to put on his virtues and graces, to put on or be endued with his spirit, to imitate his conduct and to copy his example. As long as we carry about us our flesh, we cannot cast away every care for it; for though our conversation is in heaven, we yet sojourn on earth. A great shock had been given to the disciples by the crucifixion of Him whom they thought to be the Messiah, and though they began to recover from this as soon as they were convinced of His resurrection, they yet could not reconcile themselves to it entirely. When to awake; Now; and to awake out of the sleep of carnal security, sloth, and negligence; out of the sleep of spiritual death, and out of the sleep of spiritual deadness. The meaning is," Hitherto we have walked in darkness and in sin. He began preaching at Damascus, but on account of persecution went into Arabia. The intervening words are to be read as in a parenthesis. This metaphor is commonly used in Scripture with respect to what tends to adorn or to deform man; both of which may be seen in his clothing: for a filthy and torn garment dishonors a man; but what is becoming and clean recommends him. To awake ... - This is a beautiful figure. Romans 5:12-19. 13. 1. Romans 13:11-14 The Sin of Sloth (Bowen) Dorothy Sayers, the English mystery writer says, “In the world it is called tolerance, but in hell it is called despair. -- Ed. When we believed.—When we first became Christians. However, the church in Rome was not … Romans 3:20. Of that whole assembly to which he wrote, how few were Jews? To put on Christ, then, is to put on his virtues and graces, to put on or be endued with his spirit, to imitate his conduct and to copy his example. 6 To set the mind on the flesh is death, but to set the mind on the Spirit is life and peace. In the darkness of night, people sleep. Paul dictated his letter to Tertius (Romans 16:22). We are sure that the God of light is around us, and is a witness of all we do. The word for “time” is different from that used in the next clause, and means a definite and critical season. Wake up, for our salvation is nearer now than when we first believed." [409] He mentions awake, by which he intimates that we are to be equipped and prepared to undertake the services which the Lord requires from us. Note: The breakdown of the Bible into chapters (although not always adequate) ... —Romans 13:11-12. 11. The true, the genuine Christian life is like the state of a man whose eyes are open and whose faculties are all alert and vigorous. believed—This is in the line of all our Lord's teaching, which represents the decisive day of Christ's second appearing as at hand, to keep believers ever in the attitude of wakeful expectancy, but without reference to the chronological nearness or distance of that event. If these have in them so much filthiness, that even carnal men are ashamed to commit them before the eyes of men, it behooves us, who are in the light of God, at all times to abstain from them; yea, even when we are withdrawn from the presence of men. Hoc enim, quum noverimus tempus, quia hora est qua jam e somno expergiscamur (nunc enim propior est salus nostra quam quum credi-dimus,) But the whole tenor of what follows by no means favors this view. Knowing the time - Taking a proper "estimate" of the time. Moreover, know the time, that it is even now the very time for us to awake from sleep; for nearer now is our salvation than when we 12. believed: the night has advanced, and the day has approached; let us then cast away the works of darkness, and let us put on the 13. armor of light; let us, as in the day, walk in a becoming manner, etc. You are hastening to the world of glory. Note the flow of thought (Rom. Romans, A Study Guide - From The Executable Outlines Series by Mark A. Copeland - Hundreds of free sermon outlines and Bible study materials available for … People, by nature, are active only in deeds of wickedness. Revelling is first mentioned, though drunkenness goes before it; and "chambering," or concubinage, or indulgence in unlawful lusts is first stated, though lasciviousness or wantonness is the source from which it proceeds. 8 Let no debt remain outstanding, except the continuing debt to love one another, for whoever loves others has fulfilled the law. The whole passage would then read better in this manner, -- 11. knowing the time, that now it is high time—literally, "the hour has already come.". The distinction between night and day of a Christian, ought to be clearly kept in view. But the particles at the beginning, And this, are to be read by themselves, for they are connected with what is gone before; as we say in Latin Adhoec -- besides, or proeterea -- moreover. This, the time of the "gospel," when God had "made known" to people his will that they should be pure. 11. b. -- Ed. Calvin keeps to what accords with the context, the putting on of Christ as to his holy image. Let us behave decently, as in the daytime, not in orgies, and drunkenness, not in sexual immorality and debauchery, not in dissension and jealousy. Romans 8:1 tells us we are free from the guilt of sin. (Rom 13:1-2) Government's legitimate authority and the Christian's response. 14. ROMANS 13:11-14. This is in addition to the putting him on as our righteousness, and not as a substitute for it. 12. Sanctification, and not justification, is the subject of the passage. Scholars have been sharply divided on how to deal with it: was it a genuine prediction, demonstrating Jesus’ power, or is it evidence that Mark was written after the Temple was destroyed in … Stream ad-free or purchase CD's and MP3s now on Amazon.com. But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof. But afterwards, when he bids us to walk in the light, as it were during the day time, he does not continue the same metaphor; for he compares to the day our present state, while Christ shines on us. As believers in Jesus Christ we are not to be found sleeping. The "previous" time had been a period of ignorance and darkness, when oppression, and falsehood, and sin abounded. Some suppose that by it the apostle refers to the personal reign of Christ on the earth. Both are necessary: for Christ is our sanctification, the author, worker, and example of it, as well as our righteousness. Now (ἤδη), better, already. [409] The preceding explanation of night and day, as here to be understood, does not comport with what is afterwards said on Romans 13:12. If we adopt "I command," or "moreover," as Calvin does, it would be better to regard the participle eidotes, as having the meaning of an imperative, este being understood, several instances of which we have in the preceding chapter, Romans 12:9,16,17. Every one then who wishes to satisfy the desires of the flesh, must necessarily not only fall into, but be immerged in a vast and deep gulf. Sleep is "the kinsman of death," and it is the emblem of the insensibility and stupidity of sinners. (Galatians 3:27.). Since we have been justified by faith, we are at peace with God. He was one of the most unmerciful persecutors of the early Christians, but was converted by the sudden appearance to him of the risen Lord. for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed; by which is meant, not temporal salvation, or a deliverance from the persecution the saints endured in Judea, from their own countrymen, by the departure of them from Jerusalem, a little before its destruction, by the destruction of that city, and the peaceful times of Vespasian; but a spiritual and eternal salvation: not Christ the author of it, who was come to effect it; nor that itself, as obtained, which was now done, finished, and completed; nor the application of it to their souls, which also had been made; but the consummate enjoyment of it in heaven, the salvation of their souls at death, and both of soul and body at the resurrection; consisting in a freedom from every evil, and in a full possession of all that is good and glorious: this is brought nearer to the saints, to their sight and view, as their faith grows and increases; and they are nearer the enjoyment of that than when they first believed; and which is a strong reason why a sluggish, slothful frame should not be indulged; what, sleep, and heaven so near at hand! If we adopt "I command," or "moreover," as Calvin does, it would be better to regard the participle eidotes, as having the meaning of an imperative, este being understood, several instances of which we have in the preceding chapter, Romans 12:9,16,17. Others, to increased "light" and knowledge of the gospel, so that they could more clearly discern their duty than when they became believers. Laws reveal to us our religious and/or civic duties. -- Ed. WELCOME. It is evidently a new subject of exhortation, as Calvin says, and the words must be rendered as he proposes, or be viewed as elliptical; the word "I say," or "I command," according to Macknight, being understood, "This also I say, since we know the time," etc. [412] Many have explained "the putting on" here in a manner wholly inconsistent with the passage, as though the putting on of Christ's righteousness was intended. This is in addition to the putting him on as our righteousness, and not as a substitute for it. The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light. The works of darkness are shameful and wicked works; for night, as some one says, is shameless. Revelling is first mentioned, though drunkenness goes before it; and "chambering," or concubinage, or indulgence in unlawful lusts is first stated, though lasciviousness or wantonness is the source from which it proceeds. The powerful challenge of Romans 13 refers all the way back to the admonitions that begin in chapter 12. In regard to religion they are insensible, and the slumbers of night are on their eyelids. Sanctification, and not justification, is the subject of the passage. D. Paul stresses an urgency righteous living 13:11-14. 11. -- Ed. The reason for writing the book of Romans was to share the gospel and teach that our righteousness comes by faith in Jesus Christ apart from what we can do to earn it. Commentary on Romans — John Calvin . The world has been sunk in the "night" of paganism and sin. Paul speaks metaphorically of night as the present age and uses day to mean the coming of the Lord. It is the sin that believes in nothing, cares for nothing, interferes with nothing, enjoys nothing, hates nothing, finds purpose in nothing. The time, he says, was known to the faithful, for the calling of God and the day of visitation required a new life and new morals, and he immediately adds an explanation, and says, that it was the hour to awake: for it is not chronos but kairos which means a fit occasion or a seasonable time. In response to the breakdown all around us and to the call of our God, let Christians around the world confess that it is high time that we come back to victorious living and triumphant evangelism. 13:11-12): “Do this, knowing the time, that it is already the hour for you to awaken from sleep; for now salvation is nearer to us than when we believed. The hour has come for you to wake up from your slumber, because our salvation is nearer now than when we first believed" (Romans 13:11) What a marvelous truth to understand that our final deliverance from this world is fast approaching. However, it is sadly and often true that believers are in a spiritual state of slumber and drowsiness, and because of this God must send forth a wake up call. 1700 28th Street SE Grand Rapids, MI 49508. The Sun of righteousness has arisen. 12. to awake out of sleep—of stupid, fatal indifference to eternal things. Romans 8:19; Romans 8:23, “the manifestation of the sons of God,” “the redemption of the body;” Luke 21:28, “your redemption draweth nigh.”). Besides, the comparison between the night and the day does in my judgment dissipate every doubt on the point. 13 Sicut in die decenter ambulemus; non comessationibus neque ebrietatibus, neque eubilibus neque lasciviis, neque contentione neque aemulatione: 14. Nox progressa est, dies vero appropinquavit: abjiciamus ergo opera tenebrarum, et induamus arma lucis. Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying. Romans 13:11 Commentaries: Do this, knowing the time, that it is already the hour for you to awaken from sleep; for now salvation is nearer to us than when we believed. for now is our salvation—rather, "the salvation," or simply "salvation.". The declaration then seems to me to be of the most simple kind, -- "Nearer is salvation now to us than at that time when we began to believe:" so that a reference is made to the time which had preceded as to their faith. Paying tribute is the same as “paying taxes”. All besides, whatever it be, the state of heathenism or of imperfect and lukewarm Christianity, is like the torpor of sleep. His purpose was in various ways to exhort us, -- at one time to meditate on our future life; at another, to contemplate the present favor of God. The book of Romans is written by Paul from Corinth, while on his third missionary journey, in about 57 A.D. [His host is Gaius (Romans 16:23), an early convert in Corinth (1 Corinthians 1:14) and he commends to the Romans Phoebe from Cenchrea, a neighboring city of Corinth (Romans 16:1). 1. [412] Many have explained "the putting on" here in a manner wholly inconsistent with the passage, as though the putting on of Christ's righteousness was intended. Romans 8:2 tells us we are free from the power of sin. [412] On this account he says also in another place, that we put on Christ in baptism. Others, however, and better, as Rev., construe ἡμῶν of us (salvation of us, i.e., our) with nearer, and render salvation is nearer to us. that now it is high time to awake out of sleep. The reference is apparently to the Lord's second coming, rather than to future glory. The armor of light represents good, and temperate, and holy actions, such as are suitable to the day; and armor is mentioned rather than works, because we are to carry on a warfare for the Lord. Because the Spirit brings His order into our lives (1 … For Paul had in view the end of our calling; inasmuch as God, by adopting us, unites us to the body of his only-begotten Son, and for this purpose, -- that we, renouncing our former life, may become new men in him. just at their Father's house, ready to enter into the joy of their Lord, into his everlasting kingdom and glory, and yet asleep! Paul wrote it during his stay in Corinth, probably about 57 *A.D.. 2. So says the apostle. Then this declaration could not have been suitable to the Romans. Living in the light of the coming of the day (13:11-14) Instructions for the ‘weak’ and the ‘strong’ (14:1-15:13) Paul’s ministry and future plans (15:14-33) Conclusion (16:1-27) Ben Witherington (Socio-Rhetorical Commentary) Witherington takes a distinct approach by reading the letter through the lens of … This doesn't mean we break the law, but that we obey it by the power of the Spirit. 2. As to the third vice, though contention is put before envying, there is yet. And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed. We know our duty. Because of this, we are in a critical hour to recognize reality. The sum of what he says is, -- that as soon as God begins to call us, we ought to do the same, as when we conclude from the first dawn of the day that the full sun is at hand; we ought to look forward to the coming of Christ. This is to be understood, not of the dead sleep of sin, in which unconverted persons are, to be awoke out of which is a work of divine power; but of the carnal security and drowsy frame of spirit which sometimes attend the churches and children of God, the wise as well as the foolish virgins; and lies in grace being dormant in, the soul; in a backwardness to duty, and a slothfulness in the performance of it; in resting in the outward duties of religion; in lukewarmness about the cause of Christ; in an unconcernedness about sins of omission and commission; and in a willingness to continue in such a sluggish frame: all which arise from a body of sin and death, and an over anxious care for the things of the world; from a weariness in spiritual exercises, and an abstinence from spiritual company and ordinances and from outward peace and liberty: such a frame of spirit, when, it prevails and becomes general is of bad consequence to the churches of Christ; the spirit of discerning, care and diligence in receiving members, are in a great measure lost, and so they are filled with hypocrites and heretics; Christ absents himself from them; leanness of soul is brought upon them; and they are in danger of being surprised with the midnight cry: the methods God takes to awaken his people out of such a sleep are various; sometimes in a more gentle way, by the discoveries his love, which causes the lips of those that are asleep to speak; sometimes by severe reproofs in the ministry of the word; and sometimes by sharp persecutions in providence; and at last it will be done by the midnight cry: the argument, showing the reasonableness of awaking out of sleep, and that it was high time to do so, follows. He says that the night had advanced, because we are not so overwhelmed with thick darkness as the unbelieving are, to whom no spark of life appears; but the hope of resurrection is placed by the gospel before our eyes; yea, the light of faith, by which we discover that the full brightness of celestial glory is nigh at hand, ought to stimulate us, so that we may not grow torpid on the earth. Paul, the author, was a Hebrew by descent, a native of Tarsus in Cilicia, and educated by Gamaliel, the great Pharisaic teacher. 12. The subject is wholly different. The conduct to which such a hope should incite. He had known about him, but had never surrendered to him. Likewise, he speaks of darkness as evil, light in reference to good 13:12-13. The other rendering would lay an unwarranted emphasis on our. It Is High Time We Surrendered Absolutely! 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