Pita (/ˈpɪtə/ or US: /ˈpiːtə/)[2] or pitta (British English), is a family of yeast-leavened round flatbreads baked from wheat flour, common in the Mediterranean, Middle East, and neighboring areas. In fact, this bread was originally served both as a bread and as a utensil. Most pita are baked at high temperatures (450–475 °F (232–246 °C)), which turns the water in the dough into steam, thus causing the pita to puff up and form a pocket. It is a flat read that originated from the Middle East. It is no wonder that this round pocket bread has been a staple of the Middle East for 4,000 years. It includes the widely-known version with an interior pocket, also known as Arabic bread (Arabic: khubz ʿarabī), Syrian bread, and other names, as well as pocketless versions … It is traditionally accompanied by hummus, baba ganoush, tzatziki, or tabouleh. And the way the Israeli falafel is served is, in my opinion, the main reason why Israeli falafel is … By 4,000 years ago, bread was of central importance in societies such as the Babylonian culture of Mesopotamia, where the earliest-known written records and recipes of bread-making originate,[11] and where pita-like flatbreads cooked in a tinûru (tannur or tandoor) were a basic element of the diet, and much the same as today's tandoor bread or taboon bread. [23] In Greek, the Arabic bread is called aravikē pita (lit. Pita or pitta (British English), is a family of yeast-leavened round flatbreads baked from wheat flour, common in the Mediterranean, Middle East, and neighboring areas. It is a rather simple bread that could be made with limited technologies. pizza. But the history of pitas can only really be appreciated through the taste. At times it is shaped like a ball, sometimes like a flat burger. [3][4][1][5][6][7] The Western name pita may sometimes be used to refer to various other types of flatbreads that have different names in their local languages, such as numerous styles of Arab khubz (bread). [24] When removed from the oven, the layers of baked dough remain separated inside the deflated pita, which allows the bread to be opened to form a pocket. https://www.delish.com/cooking/recipe-ideas/a28143766/homemade-pita-bread The exact origins of pita bread are unknown for definite. $30.00 $ 30. The word has been borrowed by Turkish as pide,[21] and appears in the Balkan languages as Serbo-Croatian pita, Romanian pită, Albanian pite, Bulgarian pitka or pita. [25] It is not perfectly clear if it was the Amorites or the Bedouins were the inventors. It is good source of fiber and protein, with minimal fat. The pita there is baked either in a oven or on a stove, and has got a big pocket of air like the recipe I’m giving you below. Falafel was made popular in Israel by Yemeni Jews in the 1950s. In Greece the word pita means "pastry" and is usually used for various cakes and pastries like spanakopita (spinach pie) and karydopita (walnut cake) unrelated to the English language "pita" flatbread. In fact, pitas have been both a bread and a utensil throughout the Middle East and Eastern Mediterranean serving the function of loaves of bread in wheat centric areas of Europe, Africa and Asia. Furthermore, studies show that tortilla originated around 10 000 BCE whereas pita bread originated in 1 200BCE. Commonly known as Arabic bread, Pita bread is circular leavened bread that is double layered. Bread is older than metal; even before the bronze age, our ancestors were eating and baking flat breads. The tradition of making these has been passed down to different generations but this simple pita bread recipe remained true to its original form. The first type of pide is used to wrap various styles of kebab, while the second is topped with cheese, ground meat, or other fresh or cured meats, and/or vegetables. Answer for question: Your name: Answers. "'Aish" also means life in Arabic, highlighting the importance of pita bread in Egyptian culture. Pita is also known as Arabic bread, Syrian bread, and Lebanese bread, and has been around since approximately 2500 BC. The dish’s name, shakshuka, essentially means ‘all mixed up’ – and that’s what it really is. We apologize for any inconvenience. It can also be cut and baked into crispy pita chips. It spread to North Africa, to all the … Bread without leavening is a known as flatbread, and is the most closely related to mankind’s first breads. Only 20 left in stock - order soon. Why should you do research beyond an article you read; Step in OPSEC decision making; 9. 4.2 out of 5 stars 32. Deselect All. Chickpeas were and are abundant in the Middle East and are still commonly eaten. The exact origins of pita bread are difficult to pin down, but archaeologists have determined that it was first made by groups of people from the west of the Mediterranean — most likely either the Bedouins or the Amorites. Still, the possibilities to pack, dip or wrap a pita with are almost limitless. Greece: a common Greek staple known as pita bread, is an unleavened bread commonly used for wraps or dinners, and can be seen in A,Erica through the selling of the gyro. To place an order at this time, please call 212.799.2806 1 teaspoon dry yeast. Pita bread is cooked in an oven whereas the most common method for cooking tortillas is by using the skillet. Pita bread is consumed in Turkey, where it is called pide bread, Romania, and Greece, to name just a few places. Pita bread, spelled “pitta bread” in the UK, is a round leavened flatbread that is consumed all over the world in many different cultures. While sourdough is the clear star of the pandemic baking zeitgeist, the flat, fluffy … recent questions recent answers. [14] Other hypotheses trace the word back to the Classical Hebrew word patt פת (literally "a morsel of bread"). It includes the widely known version with an interior pocket, also known as Arabic bread (Arabic: khubz ʿarabī), Syrian bread, and other names, as well as pocketless versions such as the Greek pita, used to wrap souvlaki. In those countries, it goes by the names Shami, khobz, Lebanese or mafrood. , 40+years teaching experience.. Pita or pitta (British English), is a family of yeast-leavened round flatbreads baked from wheatflour, common in the Mediterranean,Middle East, and neighboring areas. If possible, pitas are cooked at relatively high temperatures (around 800-900 Fahrenheit) and the flat dough expands dramatically forming an interior pocket (formed by steam). Pita can be used to scoop sauces or dips, such as hummus, or to wrap kebabs, gyros, or falafel in the manner of sandwiches. Like tortillas and naan, pita is a flatbread. It originated from the Greek word “Pitta”, which is defined as: Thin, flat layers. It can have a smooth or grainy texture, and be eaten inside a pita or Turkish bread. Restaurant Website Designby Gourmet Marketing. It is used for souvlakia, sheftalia, halloumi with lountza, and gyros. This style of pita flatbread, in the English language meaning of the word, is almost exclusively used as a wrap for souvlaki or gyros usually garnished with some combination of tzatziki sauce, tomatoes, onions, and french fries. Additionally, pita chips, a baked or fried brittle chip made from pita bread, can be eaten with nearly every dip imaginable. [22] In Egypt, it is called ʿaish (عيش) or ʿaish baladi (عيش بلدي),[23] meaning rustic, local, or rural bread. In Cyprus, pita is typically rounder, fluffier and baked on a cast-iron skillet. One pita normally has less calories than two slices of bread. Shepherd Salad is originated from Turkish cuisine consisting of finely chopped tomatoes, cucumbers, long green peppers, onion, and flat-leaf parsley. Served with Pita wedges. These lines have high production capacities, processing 100,000-pound (45,000 kg) pound silos of flour at a time and producing thousands of loaves per hour. The pita though has to be tasted with all the different foods that thrive in or enwrapped by pita. The pita are then air-cooled for about 20 minutes on conveyor belts before being shipped immediately or else stored in commercial freezers kept at a temperature of 10 °F (−12 °C).[24]. It includes the widely known version with an interior pocket, also known as Arabic bread (Arabic: khubz ʿarabī), Syrian bread, and other names, as well as pocketless versions such as the Greek pita, used to wrap souvlaki. It has barely any sugar and has calcium. [30] Traditional breads in Greek cuisine are leavened loaves,[31] such as the round καρβέλι karvéli or the oblong φραντζόλα frantzóla. Regional variations in the shape, baking technique, and toppings create distinctive styles for each region. The dressing consists of lemon juice, olive oil, and salt. [14] The English word is borrowed from Modern Greek πίτα, in turn from the Byzantine Greek πίτα "bread, cake, pie, pitta" (attested in 1108)[14] and possibly from the Ancient Greek πίττα or πίσσα "pitch/resin" (for the gloss),[15][16] or Ancient Greek πικτή (pikte), "fermented pastry", which may have passed to Latin as "picta" cf. Cooking process. Hypotheses also exist for Germanic[19] or Illyrian intermediaries.[20]. It is no wonder that this round pocket bread has been a staple of the Middle East for 4,000 years. [8], Pita has roots in the prehistoric flatbreads of the Middle East. In Turkish cuisine, the word pide may refer to three different styles of bread: a flatbread similar to that eaten in Greece and Arab countries, a pizza-like dish where the filling is placed on the (often boat-shaped) dough before baking,[26][27][28][29] and Ramazan pide. The Westernname pita may sometimes be used to refer to various other types of flatbreads that have different names in their local l… Usually made with… Horiatiko psomi, or country bread, is a dense and crusty Greek bread traditionally … Devaki Antherjanam. In fact, pitas have been both a bread and a utensil throughout the Middle East and Eastern Mediterranean serving the function of loaves of bread in wheat centric areas of Europe, Africa and Asia. According to several historical sources, the earliest mention of hummus dates back to Egypt in the 13th century. Ιφιγενεια Βιρβιδακη, Νενα Δημητριου, Νικολετα Μακρυωνιτου, Καλλιοπη Πατερα, "Tα καλύτερα ψωμιά των Αθηνών", Γαστρονόμος, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "World's oldest bread found at prehistoric site in Jordan", "Archaeologists find world's oldest bread and new evidence of sophisticated cooking dating back 14,000 years", "Mastering the Art of Babylonian Cooking", "Dayi'nin Yeri Turkish Restaurant, Cliffside Park, NJ", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pita&oldid=995652902, Articles needing additional references from December 2018, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 04:37. In Arabic, the phrase خبز البيتا (pita bread) is sometimes used; other names are simply خبز 'khubz, bread' or الخبز العربي 'Arab bread' or خبز الكماج 'al-kimaj bread'. Quite recently, people have come up with recipes that pair pitas with avocados and eggplants. Pita bread is an even better invention than sliced bread. They brought with them the chickpea version of the dish from Yemen and introduced the concept of serving falafel balls in pita bread. We are currently working on a new online ordering system. It originated from the Middle East and quickly spread throughout neighboring countries. From what archeologists can determine, the pita originated with peoples west of the Mediterranean. Regardless of whether it is made at home or in a commercial bakery, pita is proofed for a very short time—only 15 minutes. That being said, though, based on historical information, hummus likely originated from ancient Egypt. $ 5.95 Pita was made famous by the pocket and, today may be known as Pita, Flat bread, Pocket Bread or Pita Pocket Bread. [17][18] In Levantine Arabic it evolved into fatteh, (since Old Arabic /p/ evolved into /f/). Which country does pita bread originate from? Soon, its popularity spread as the Bedouin peoples traded and travel across the Arabian and Sahara desert. https://www.masterclass.com/articles/armenian-flatbread-lavash-recipe Focaccia – Italy. The Syrian bread is same, so perhaps going … Originally, the pita was a combination of dough that was let to sit and collect yeast and fresh dough until the discovery that brewers yeast works. Horiatiko Psomi. The word, “Pita” is a generic term for round, flat bread. In the Middle East, It is still often made in a backyard stove compared to the store-bought pitas that have spread all over the globe. A countermeasure is anything that effectively reduces an adversary’s ability to exploit our vulnerabilities. Although in the Serbo-Croatian languages of the countries comprising Former Yugoslavia the word pita is used for burek-style pastries. Baking is finished in only one minute! About 4 cups unbleached all-purpose or bread flour 1. There is evidence of neolithic grinding stones used to process grains, probably to make a flat bread; but the oldest bread yet found is a loaf … The ovens used in commercial baking are much hotter than traditional clay ovens—800–900 °F (427–482 °C)—so each loaf is baked only for one minute. Additionally, the pita is taken apart into pieces and dipped in all types of sauces. خبز البيتا (khabaza albayta) : the most ancient form of pita made in Arabic countries such as Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq. Both the farming and desert society respectively adopted pitas as their own. Although the exact origin is unknown, these versatile middle-eastern flatbreads are perhaps the oldest breads known. Pitas’ popularity in the US is partially attributable to using the pocket like sandwich bread, but many traditional cultures use the pita more like a soft taco, either disregarding the pocket or having a pocketless pita. Pita bread is an even better invention than sliced bread. It may have a pale brown color, or be darksome. [9][10] Ancient wheat and barley were among the earliest domesticated crops in the Neolithic period of about 10,000 years ago, in the Fertile Crescent. Soft and thin, they provided the basis for a variety of popular portable items. Soft and round, this slightly leavened bread, which originated in the Middle East some 4,000 years ago, is cooked at a high temperature. But we do know that it originated from ancient times around the Mediterranean, Balkans or Middle-Eastern areas. Few breads are as nutritious as a whole wheat pita. The middle east, we cannot tell exactly because different cultures have long history of a "pocket bread". [1][13], The first mention of the word in English cited in the Oxford English Dictionary was in 1936. 'Arabic pastry'). More Buying Choices $28.99 (2 new offers) Baklava Bakery, Bread Pita Greek, 16 Ounce. 2 1/2 cups warm water (approximately 105 degrees F) 2 cups whole wheat flour. But those are only some of the foods that are historically eaten with pitas. Greek Souvlaki Small Pita Bread, 20 portions, 2 Pack of 10 Pcs, Gyros Pita x 450g. The exact country of origin cannot be agreed on but it is believed to have come from the Middle East. Modern commercial pita bread is prepared on advanced automatic lines. [12] However, there is no record of the steam-puffed, two-layer "pocket pita" in the ancient texts, or in any of the medieval Arab cookbooks, and according to food historians such as Charles Perry and Gil Marks it was likely a later development. Well, it is hard to put a direct origin on it, but there are four distinct possibilities that come to mind. Pitas frequently are the bread of choice for lamb, steak, falafel, and chicken. This causes the dough to puff up, leaving a handy interior pocket when it cools. Pita bread then spread out to all the East, and to many Mediterranean countries. Pide baking in wood fired oven in Istanbul, Hummus platter served with pide near Jaffa in Tel Aviv, Karadeniz pidesi from Turkey topped with kaşar cheese, Palestinian breakfast with falafel, humus, torshi and pita bread, Baked pita on conveyor in Tell Rifaat, Syria, It has been suggested that this article be, Pita at the souq on Khaled ibn al-Waleed street, in the old city of, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Λεξικό της κοινής Νεοελληνικής, Ιφιγενεια Βιρβιδακη, Νενα Δημητριου, Νικολετα Μακρυωνιτου, Καλλιοπη Πατερα, ". The History of Pita Bread: Practical & Healthy for Millennia. If you are in Egypt chances are the Pita Bread is chewy and thick, in Lebanon you’ll find large very thin and soft Pita Bread. In Cypriot cuisine, pita is made roughly from the same materials as in Greek cuisine but differs in size and shape. It is generally made with wheat but can also be made in multigrain and whole wheat varieties. Foccacia (Photo: michelle@TNS/Flickr) Italy is full of amazing bread, but focaccia might be the best. https://www.allrecipes.com/recipe/232719/chef-johns-pita-bread [1] It is spelled like the Aramaic pittəṭā/pittā פיתא), from which it was received into Byzantine Greek (see above). And then you will understand that sliced bread is the best invention since pita bread. [1] There is evidence from about 14,500 years ago, during the Stone Age, that the Natufian people in what is now Jordan made a kind of flatbread from wild cereal grains. 00 ($0.94/Ounce) $5.00 shipping. Examples include Middle Eastern … Thus pita bread is actually emerged way after the tortilla was invented. However, pita is sometimes baked without pockets and is called "pocket-less pita". It all depends on the flour used and the country that Pita Bread originated from. Exist for Germanic [ 19 ] or Illyrian intermediaries. [ 20.! But focaccia might be the best, fluffier and baked into crispy pita chips around! 10 Pcs, Gyros pita x 450g that pair pitas with avocados and eggplants was., Gyros pita x 450g and that ’ s name, shakshuka, essentially means ‘ all up... Dip imaginable flat breads invention than sliced bread ] in Levantine Arabic it evolved into fatteh, since... With nearly every dip imaginable the 13th century, fluffier and baked into crispy pita chips or grainy texture and! Exploit our vulnerabilities most closely related to mankind ’ s name, shakshuka, essentially means ‘ all mixed ’! 1 200BCE enwrapped by pita for 4,000 years you do research beyond an article you read ; Step in decision. Though, based on historical information, hummus likely originated from ancient times around the Mediterranean, Balkans middle-eastern... This round pocket bread '' [ 25 ] Modern commercial pita bread is older than metal even. 10 000 BCE whereas pita bread, but focaccia might be the best made. 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