After an Earthquake AFTER the next big earthquake, your recovery and that of the community may take weeks to months or even longer. These secondary shock waves are usually less violent than the main quake but can be strong enough to do additional damage to weakened structures and can occur in the first hours, days, weeks, or even months after the quake. PAGER - Rapid Assessment of an Earthquake's Impact; 2007; FS; 2007-3101; Responding to Global Earthquake Hazards; Earle, Paul S.; Wald, David J. After an earthquake, there can be serious hazards such as damage to the building, leaking gas and water lines, or downed power lines. Stay alert for aftershocks. Earthquakes strike suddenly, violently and without warning. Collection of USGS still images taken after the January 17, 1994 Northridge earthquake highlighting the damage to buildings and infrastructure. Stay away from beaches. Not only will learning what to do after an earthquake keep you safe in the event of an emergency, but knowing that you’re mentally prepared for anything might also give you a … Damaged electrical wiring--Shut off power at the control box if there is any danger to house wiring. If any are damaged, shut off the valves. Assemble and maintain your emergency survival Items for your home and workplace, as well as a portable getaway kit. Stay away from buildings (stuff might fall off the building or the building could fall on you). If you're indoors, stand against a wall near the center of the building, stand in a doorway, or crawl under heavy furniture (a desk or table). DON'T run downstairs or rush outside while... DO NOT turn on the gas again if you turned it off; let the gas company do it DO NOT use matches, lighters, camp stoves or barbecues, electrical equipment, appliances UNTIL you are sure there are no gas leaks. If You Are In Your Car Or Driving and an Earthquake Strikes Follow the advice from our ShakeOut friends: Pull over to the side of the road, stop, and set the parking brake. The Earthquake Commission or EQC requires homeowners to take all the necessary steps they can to prevent further damage to an insured property. United States Geological Survey (USGS) Natural Hazards Response; 2012; FS; 2012-3061; Lamb, Rynn; Jones, Brenda K. Understanding risk and resilience to natural hazards; 2011; FS; 2011-3008; Wood, Nathan. If you smell it, open all the windows and doors, leave immediately, and report it to the authorities (use someone else's phone). Immediately after an earthquake and the shaking has stopped you should: Move to high ground and away from water as an earthquake felt in Vancouver is likely to be accompanied by a tsunami Hundreds of Southern California municipalities will be affected; most lack recovery plans or previous disaster experience. It is frightening to stay in a building immediately after an earthquake but it is much safer than immediately going outside. Learn the earthquake plan at your school or workplace. Check yourself and others for injuries. Nine years after it’s publication, it is still available from the USGS, and still helpful as a preparedness guide for Bay Area residents. Place telephone receivers back in their cradles; only make calls if requiring emergency services. This brief guide provides information on how you can protect yourself and your family, before, during and after an earthquake. They may create a spark that could ignite leaking gas and cause an explosion and fire DO NOT use your telephone, EXCEPT for a medical or... Detweiler, S.T., and Wein, A.M., eds., 2017, The HayWired earthquake scenario—Earthquake hazards (ver. Check your water and electrical lines for defects. If there is a rush on the staircase, then be calm, because hastily may lead to an accident. Ensure you do the following if you are trapped under debris during or after an earthquake: Do not light a match. There are many things you can do to help yourself in the event of an earthquake. Help others if you are able. Photograph credit: Erol Kalkan, USGS, Pavement buckling and tented sidewalk resulting from the South Napa Earthquake. According to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), 2004 was the deadliest year for earthquakes since the Renaissance Age, making it the second most fatal in recorded history, with more than 275,950 deaths reported from the magnitude 9.0 earthquake and subsequent tsunami that hit the Indian Ocean on Dec. 26. Indeed, fire is the most common hazard after an earthquake, FEMA indicates on its Web site. Never use an elevator after an earthquake. or move into a hallway or against an inside wall. If you are INDOORS -- STAY THERE! Don't leave heavy objects on shelves (they'll fall during a quake). Tsunamis and seiches sometimes hit after the ground has stopped shaking. Failure of unreinforced brick masonry caused collapse of the upper floor in downtown Los Gatos. Stay calm. Discuss earthquake insurance with your insurance broker. Clean up household chemical spills, toxic and flammable materials to avoid any chain of unwanted events. What to do after an earthquake? This means you need to: Board up broken windows or doors to clean up after an earthquake; Cover holes in walls and roofs with tarpaulins if it is safe for you to do so; Turn off leaking water and gas mains Walk out carefully watching for anything that could fall during the aftershocks. Shout only as a last resort. GET OUT of the kitchen, which is a dangerous place (things can fall on you). If you are unable to wash your hands, use hand sanitizer that contains at least 60 percent alcohol. GET OUT of the kitchen, which is a dangerous place (things can fall on you). To accomplish this goal, products and services provided by the National Geospatial Program (NGP)... Natural hazards threaten the safety and economic wellbeing of communities. Make up a plan of where to meet your family after an earthquake. Gas leaks often cause fires to break out after an earthquake. What are the Great ShakeOut earthquake drills? If you're in a car, stop the car and stay inside the car until the earthquake stops. The "Triangle of Life" is a misguided idea about the best location a person should try to occupy during an earthquake. Bicycles crushed by falling unreinforced brick facade, Pacific Garden Mall. Citizens should plan and practice what to do in the event of an earthquake in order to properly respond before, during, and after the shaking begins. Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can locate you. Keep an eye out for broken water pipes, downed and live electrical lines and leaking gas lines. What can be done? STAY CLEAR of windows, fireplaces, and heavy furniture or appliances. Know what to do in each stage. What can I do to be prepared for an earthquake? This handbook provides information about the threat posed by earthquakes in the San Francisco Bay region and explains how you can prepare for, survive, and recover from these inevitable events. Credit: Brian Sherrod, USGS, Damaged unreinforced masonry building on Main Street in downtown Napa, California. They may come within minutes, hours, or days later, and can … Permission granted for reproduction for non-commercial purposes. The U.S. Geological Survey and its partners are designing innovative tools to better detect earthquakes and share critical information. Look after yourself and get first aid if necessary. During an earthquake. What to do after an earthquake. After an earthquake. If you are INDOORS -- STAY THERE! Stay alert to new or continuing hazards. If you're at school or work, follow the emergency plan or the instructions of the person in charge. Be on the lookout for small fires and extinguish them, if … What should I NOT do during an earthquake? STAY CLEAR of windows, fireplaces, and heavy furniture or appliances. IDENTIFY: Look around your house for things that could fall or move. 1 Make sure you and your family are unharmed. Practice Drop, Cover, and Hold On during aftershocks. Gas leaks--shut off main gas valve ONLY if you suspect a leak because of broken pipes or odor. Avoid overpasses, bridges, power lines, signs and other hazards. Check yourself for injuries and get first aid if necessary. Develop a Household Emergency Plan. Putting down roots in earthquake country-Your handbook for earthquakes in the Central United States; 2011; GIP; 119; Contributors: Dart, Richard; McCarthy, Jill; McCallister, Natasha; Williams, Robert A. Recovering from the ShakeOut earthquake; 2011; Article; Journal; Earthquake Spectra; Wein, Anne; Johnson, Laurie; Bernknopf, Richard, The ShakeOut Scenario; 2008; OFR; 2008-1150; Jones, Lucile M.; Bernknopf, Richard; Cox, Dale; Goltz, James; Hudnut, Kenneth; Mileti, Dennis; Perry, Suzanne; Ponti, Daniel; Porter, Keith; Reichle, Michael; Seligson, Hope; Shoaf, Kimberley; Treiman, Jerry; Wein, Anne. Do not use the elevator. After the shaking subsides, assess your wellbeing and that of those around you. Move a few steps to a nearby safe place if need be. If possible, use the staircase after or during an earthquake. Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center, Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, Congressional Briefing -- Citizen Science and Earthquakes: Reducing the Risk Through the Power of People, 2004 Deadliest in Nearly 500 Years for Earthquakes, "The Next Big Earthquake" — Still Helpful and Still Available; From USGS, Damage in central Oklahoma from a magnitude 5.6 earthquake in 2011, 1906 San Francisco Earthquake - Damage with Family in Foreground, to avoid injury from broken glass and debris. Expect aftershocks, If a person is bleeding, put direct pressure on the wound, use clean gauze or cloth if available, If a person is not breathing administer CPR, DO NOT attempt to move seriously injured persons unless they are in further danger of injury, COVER injured persons with blankets to keep warm, Fire hazards--put out fires in your home or neighborhood immediately, call for help, Gas leaks--shut off main gas valve ONLY if you suspect a leak because of broken pipes or odor, Damaged electrical wiring--Shut off power at the control box if there is any danger to house wiring, Downed or damaged utility lines--do not touch downed power lines or any objects in contact with them, SPILLS--clean up any spilled medicines, drugs, or other harmful materials such as bleach, lye, gas, DOWNED OR DAMAGED CHIMNEYS--Approach with caution--don't use damaged chimney (it could start a fire or let poisonous gases into your house), FALLEN ITEMS--beware of items tumbling off shelves when you open doors of closets and cupboards, CHECK FOOD AND WATER SUPPLIES--Do not eat or drink anything from open containers near shattered glass, If power is off, plan meals to use up foods that will spoil quickly or frozen foods (food in the freezer should be good for at least a couple of days), Don't light your kitchen stove if you suspect a gas leak, USE BBQ or camp stoves, outdoors only for emergency cooking, If your water is off you can drink supplies from water heaters, melted ice cubes or canned vegetables (AVOID drinking water from swimming pools or especially spas--it may have too many chemicals in it to be safe). Following the first tremor, keep these safety tips in mind: Be prepared for aftershocks. Emergency messages will be transmitted to your cell phone. What is the "Triangle of Life" and is it legitimate? Some of the things that must be considered after an earthquake can be listed as follows: 1. Field, E.H., and 2014 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities, 2015, UCERF3: A new earthquake forecast for California’s complex fault system: U.S. Geological Survey 2015–3009, 6 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/fs20153009. Practice Drop, Cover and Hold. Don't leave heavy objects on shelves (they'll fall during a quake). Since an earthquake can happen at any moment, often with little warning, they’re one of the most frightening natural disasters. These hazards include sudden-onset hazards, such as earthquakes, and slowly emerging, chronic hazards, such as those associated with climate change. What to do after an earthquake. If severe shaking lasts 20 seconds or more, immediately evacuate to high ground as a tsunami might have been generated by the earthquake. Boston was heavily damaged. At least 709 deaths resulted from earthquake activity worldwide in 2007, according to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and confirmed by the United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). Putting down roots in earthquake country : your handbook for the San Francisco Bay region; 2005; GIP; 15; Geological Survey (U.S.), The USGS Earthquake Hazards Program - investing in a safer future; 2003; FS; 017-03; Filson, John R.; McCarthy, Jill; Ellsworth, William L.; Zoback, Mary Lou; Stauffer, Peter H.; Hendley, James W., II, Progress toward a safer future since the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake; 1999; FS; 151-99; Page, Robert A.; Stauffer, Peter H.; Hendley, James W., II, Geographic Names Information System (GNIS), Mapping, Remote Sensing, and Geospatial Data. Stay there until the shaking stops. Stay in place (as long as it is safe to do so). The primary goal of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Natural Hazards Response is to ensure that the disaster response community has access to timely, accurate, and relevant geospatial products, imagery, and services during and after an emergency event. The HayWired scenario is a hypothetical earthquake sequence that is being used to better understand hazards for the San Francisco Bay region during and after an earthquake of magnitude 7 on the Hayward Fault. Research conducted by USGS geophysicist Elizabeth Cochran and her university-based colleagues suggests that this earthquake was induced by injection into deep disposal wells in the Wilzetta North field. The 2014 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities calculated that there is a 33-percent likelihood of a large (magnitude 6.7 or... With innovations, fresh data, and lessons learned from recent earthquakes, scientists have developed a new earthquake forecast model for California, a region under constant threat from potentially damaging events. First of all, a person should check if he/she has suffered any injury. The agency recommends keeping a fire extinguisher in your home, particularly if you live in a quake zone. Its results will be used as the basis of an emergency response and preparedness... PAGER (Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response) is an automated system to rapidly assess the number of people and regions exposed to severe shaking by an earthquake, and inform emergency responders, government agencies, and the media to the scope of the potential disaster. After an earthquake you may experience aftershocks, which can occur minutes, hours, or even days after the earthquake. Wherever you are when an earthquake starts, take cover immediately. Why should people in the eastern United States be concerned about earthquakes? Don't use matches, candles, or any flame. This is the initial publication of the results of a cooperative project to examine the implications of a major earthquake in southern California. Typically, the larger the mainshock, the larger and more numerous the aftershocks and the longer they will continue. Don't use elevators (they'll probably get stuck anyway). Don't use the phone unless it's an emergency. 4 Broken gas lines and fire don't mix. Check water, gas, and electric lines for damage. Earthquakes can occur in Indiana at any time. Based on observations of an earthquake in Turkey, the idea doesn't apply to buildings constructed within the United States. Photograph credit: Thomas Holzer, USGS. First responders may be injured themselves and/or their equipment may be damaged. Is what happens after an earthquake you may experience aftershocks, which a. 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